Abnormal Smear and Colposcopy

A smear is obtained by gently scraping the outer part of the cervix which is nowadays dissolved in a preservative pot, where the cells are examined under a microscope for abnormalities. Cervical smears are only able to detect abnormal cells in about 50% of the cases but can rule them out in 90% of cases. If any abnormalities arise, these will be examined by colposcopy as soon as possible. A colposcopy is a microscopic examination of the cervix by the microscope. It is a simple procedure which involves inserting a speculum for an internal examination.  If necessary a biopsy may be taken from these areas (slightly more painful) and sent for further testing in to the laboratory.